a socially constructed definition of men and women.
Gender is considered cultural, where sex is biological. The words ‘man’ and ‘woman’ are used to describe gender. “The social organization of different kinds of bodies into different categories of people,” (Stryker, 11).
used to describe a person who is not transgender. (Stryker)
sexology is the scientific study study of human sexual desire that provides language for conceptualizing sexuality, desire, pleasure, and sexual relationships (Bronski, 95).
a “passing woman” is considered as a masquerade that referred to women who liked to dress in masculine clothing to pass as men. For instance, Civil War Soldiers (Bronski, 96).
Berdache is an incorrect name used by the French explorers and referred to indigenous men and women that behaved and dressed like the opposite sex. However, these “third sex” roles were widely respected amongst their own indigenous community, and often times implied an elevated, respected, and religious positions within their culture, such as shamans (Bronski, 3).