genderqueer

used to describe a person who does not abide to gender norms.

The word “queer” was reclaimed in the early 1990’s; it had previously been used as a derogatory word for homosexuality. Although queer is often associated with sexuality, it is also used to describe gender-variance as well. “‘Queer’ was less a sexual orientation than it was a political one,” (Stryker, 20).

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gender

a socially constructed definition of men and women.

Gender is considered cultural, where sex is biological. The words ‘man’ and ‘woman’ are used to describe gender.  “The social organization of different kinds of bodies into different categories of people,” (Stryker, 11).

berdache

Berdache is an incorrect name used by the French explorers and referred to indigenous men and women that behaved and dressed like the opposite sex.  However, these “third sex” roles were widely respected amongst their own indigenous community, and often times implied an elevated, respected, and religious positions within their culture, such as shamans (Bronski, 3).