Seen as the assimilation of homosexual (and overall Queer) culture into heteronormative standards and ideals. For example:

  • masculine/feminine binary in Queer relationships
    • butch/femme, top/bottom
  • marriage as the ultimate barrier to equality

Also, it can be seen as the privilege of homosexuality (particularly white, male homosexuality) over other Queer identities. (Stryker)




The idea that sexual attraction to one sexual or gender identity (heterosexuality, or homosexuality) is somehow superior to that of sexual identities that apply attraction to more than one sexual or gender identity (bisexuality, pansexuality). (Serano, 4)



  • Throughout historical time, “queer” has changed its meaning, yet always have referred to people, places, or things that are considered to be the opposite of the societal norm. Originally “queer” was used to describe something as “odd,” “strange,” or “quaint.” In the early 18th century, the term “queer” meant something was “bad” or worthless (Bronski, xvii).
  • Later on in the 1920’s, “queer” was negatively used as an expression for homosexuals. Today, some LGBTQIAPK communities have politically reclaimed “queer” to challenge the heteronormative mainstream culture (Bronski, xvii). 
  • Queer is an umbrella term that includes all sexual and gender identities within the LGBTQIAPK (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Queer, Intersex, Asexual, Pansexual, Kink) community (Serrano, 3).