a homosexual women who loves other women.
a term coined by sexologist Havelock Ellis in the 1897, referred to the Isle of Lesbos and the home of Sappho (Bronski, xvii).
a sexological theory that explains the result of same-sex desire is from a person’s reversed “physical, emotional, or psychological” gender (Bronski, 95).
Theories of inversion proposed the idea about a “third sex” or “invert,” and thus manifested stereotypes towards “the mannish lesbian and the effeminate homosexual” (Bronski, 96).
Sexuality is a historical and theoretical identity category, expressed similarly and differently, throughout sexual systems within particular moments of time.
Sexuality is not a natural fact, rather a cultural and historical production that is imposed onto the body according to ideological discourse (Halperin, 416).
Sexuality is “what we find erotic and how we take pleasure in our bodies” (Stryker, 16).
Sexuality is an endless intersecting “constellation of factors” that culturally inform people their understanding about sexual intimacy, desires, and activity. Bronski uses the terminology of sexuality to connect the past with the present, in order to comprehend the relationship between both (Bronski, xviii).
sexual deviance is an idea that has been employed through historical specific laws that demonize people who do not conform to the heteronormative conception of sexual intimacy and activity (Bronski, 15).
Society embraced this conception because sexual desire was seen to be masculine, so if a woman desired another woman, then is must be a trait of her masculine identity. Therefore, masculinity granted lesbian’s access to sexuality. During the early twentieth century, the image and reference of the mannish lesbian was used to demonize women who were active and outspoken in public politics, including suffragettes (Bronski, 96).