(outdated word) used to describe people that had the urge to wear clothing associated with the opposite gender they were assigned at birth.

“Coined in 1910 by the German sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld,”(Stryker,19).


sex change

the medical process of surgically change someone’s genitals to those of the opposite sex.

The first accessible sex changes for Americans were brought about in the mid-1960’s during the “Big Science” period of transgender history in the United States. (Stryker, 94)


a sexological theory that explains the result of same-sex desire is from a person’s reversed “physical, emotional, or psychological” gender (Bronski, 95).

Theories of inversion proposed the idea about a “third sex” or “invert,” and thus manifested stereotypes towards “the mannish lesbian and the effeminate homosexual” (Bronski, 96).  



Sexuality is a historical and theoretical identity category, expressed similarly and differently, throughout sexual systems within particular moments of time.

Sexuality is not a natural fact, rather a cultural and historical production that is imposed onto the body according to ideological discourse (Halperin, 416).

Sexuality is “what we find erotic and how we take pleasure in our bodies” (Stryker, 16). 

Sexuality is an endless intersecting “constellation of factors” that culturally inform people their understanding about sexual intimacy, desires, and activity. Bronski uses the terminology of sexuality to connect the past with the present, in order to comprehend the relationship between both (Bronski, xviii).