another word for invert or homosexual (Bronski, 98)
used to describe a person who is attraction to others is not limited by sex or gender categories. The use of the identity category pansexual originated in the 1990’s.
“This word ‘pansexual’ was originally coined by Sigmund Freud within his theories on psychoanalysis in the early-to-mid 1900s, but was instead defined as how sexual energy and desire is the basis for all human interaction in life. However the modern usage of ‘pansexual’ has very little to do with Freud’s definition or his psycho-sexuality theories,” (Jakubowski).
used to describe a homosexual person, specifically used for a man who sexually desires other men.
The attraction of one individual to that of another of the opposite sexual and gender identity.
used to designate a particular community or group of people as something “different” or “less than” what is considered to be socially and legally acceptable for citizenship.
“Othering” is exercised through systematic oppression and is often used to maintain hierarchical notions of white supremacy. Of course, this is not strictly used in the United States and has been employed globally to create status for the hierarchical elite. According to Bronski, “othering” has had two major effect towards minorities and those within the LGBT community. First, beginning with slavery, “othering” was used to help constructed a legal system that guides the perimeters for citizenship and non citizenship, leading the placement of second-class citizenship (Bronski, 23). Later on this legal system was applied to any marginalized group outside the assumed white heteronormative majority, including immigrants, LGBT, and the like. Second, the acceptance of legalized slavery helped reinforce the mainstream ideas about what is morally and sexually normal amongst society (Bronski, 23). This created many boundaries and consequences through binary language that promoted socially accepted normalcy and frowned upon deviant sexual inferiority. Therefore, “othering” was a way of presuming what was considered to be “less than” human according to Christian theology.
a homophile organization founded in 1950 in the United States, with the purpose of protecting the rights of gay men. (Bronski, 180)
a scale of sexual experience ranging from 0 to 6. Zero being associated exclusively with homosexuality and six being associated exclusively with heterosexuality.
Created by Alfred Kinsey, the author of Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, in the 1950’s. Kinsey believed that instead describing people as homosexual, bisexual, or heterosexual that sexuality is best described on a continuum. (Bronski, 178)